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Macario Sakay Macario Sakay

Today in Philippine History, September 13, 1907, Macario Sakay was hanged

On September 13, 1907, Macario Sakay, revolutionary leader and among the last of the Filipino resistance fighters to surrender to the Americans, was hanged inside the Old Bilibid Prison in Manila, together with Col. Lucio de Vega.
Born on January 3, 1870 in Tondo, Manila, Sakay, a close confidante of Andres Bonifacio, was one of the early members of the Katipunan.

During the Filipino-American War, General Sakay fled to the mountains, organized the revolutionary forces in Bulacan, Pampanga, Morong (now Rizal), Cavite, Laguna, and Batangas, and later on proclaimed what he called the Tagalog Republic.

The Tagalog Republic had its own flag and with Sakay chosen as president, Francisco Carreon as vice president, drew up a Constitution largely based on the Katipunan creed of Bonifacio and warned all Filipinos not to swear allegiance to the United States.

Sakay became a threat to the Americans; they did not recognize his government and through the Bandolerism Act labeled him as an outlaw. The Bandolerism Act proclaimed all captured resistance fighters to be tried in court as bandits, ladrones, and robbers.

However, Sakay and his men enjoyed popular support mostly evident in the countryside. Rural folk offered them food, refuge and shelter. They contributed 10 percent of their income to the revolutionary coffers. They even celebrated Sakay in a popular song.

So popular was Sakay among the people that the Americans had to resort to deception to effect his capture. They persuaded Sakay to lay down his arms for the sake of peace, so that Filipino delegates could be appointed to the new legislative body, the Philippine Assembly.

In July 1906, after receiving a letter from the American governor-general promising amnesty for him and his men in exchange for surrender, Sakay finally surrendered. However, he was arrested and thrown into prison.

Sakay was hanged on Friday the 13th of September 1907 on charges of banditry and armed rebellion, along with Lucio de Vega.

His last words:

Death comes to all of us sooner or later, so that I will face the Lord Almighty calmly. But I want to tell you that we are not bandits and robbers, as the Americans have accused us, but members of the revolutionary forces that defended our mother country, Filipinas! Farewell! Long, live the republic and may our independence be born in the future! Farewell! Long Live Filipinas!

Reference: Philippine News Agency
Photo: Wikipedia Commons

THE PHILIPPINES Compare to Korean Country

By: Bryan

I’m actually studying International Trade Law and Economics here at Busan National University South Korea. My Professor once said that the economic models of East Asia as well as the South during the post war era particularly in the 1960’s are based on Japan and the Philippines. He added that the Philippines is one of the richest nations next to Japan in that time and also once envied. Having said all these I was actually proud and happy seeing all my classmates of other nationalities looked at me with smiles on their faces.

But, what struck me the most is when my professor asked me, WHAT HAPPENED TO YOUR COUNTRY? I couldn’t answer back. From this, I saw the sudden shift of emotions in the class. I went home having this in mind. I was quite puzzled of what really happened.

Then one day, my wife, a Korean national found a documentary about the late Pres. Marcos and his wife Imelda made by a Korean film company. He is actually very famous here in Korea and is known to be a great president.

In the documentary I saw a lot of things I couldn’t imagine happened during those days. I was surprised to see the prosperous and peaceful life the Filipinos back in those days were enjoying. I saw people wearing formal clothes (suits), a clean and magnificent city, happy people walking on the old streets of Manila, thriving communities and places everywhere and many more.

An interesting as well as quite controversial part of the documentary is the part wherein Bong Bong Marcos was interviewed. He was asked, the same question my professor asked me, WHAT HAPPENED TO THIS COUNTRY? He said, "My father loved and cared for this country a lot and my mother as well. While saying this, suddenly he paused with teary eyes and said, “We were betrayed by the Americans”. He believes that his father trusted them but they put him down. He also thinks that they used his mother’s (Imelda) lifestyle to further destroy their reputation. Though he admitted she is living an extravagant life, she also did a lot of accomplishments, Cultural Center of the Philippines, Philippine Heart Center, Lung Center of the Philippines, Kidney Institute of the Philippines, Nayong Pilipino; Philippine International Convention Center, Folk Arts Theater, and the Coconut Palace are all Imeldas' brainchildren. Nonetheless, all major social and public buildings and institutions in the country today were actually built during the Marcos’s reign.

What inspired me the most is the time when I heard the story of the late president of Korea Park Chung Hee who visited the Philippines ones in the 1960’s. Mr. Marcos and Mr. Chung Hee were believed to be good friends. Pres. Chung Hee and Marcos once visited the Radial Road 8 now called North Luzon Expressway. I heard that Mr. Chung Hee literally cried on Mr. Marcos’ shoulder saying “ I wish my country would be just like the Philippines”. Right after he came back to Korea he started a plan to create expressways similar to what he saw in the Philippines to literally connect the cities all over Korea which were divided by tall mountains. He succeeded on doing this. And, it is said that this move is one of the keys of the Korean economic boom. Unluckily, he was assassinated. Some say that the Americans were behind the assassination.

I know Marcos cared for his country a lot that he wanted to put it on the map. I even saw in the documentary that he bought a lot of properties at Wall Street at that time because he wanted the Philippines to be known and dominate the world market. He also initiated a group of powerful south East Asian nations (SEATO) and is believed to have been headed by the Philippines to strengthen its economic relations further which is also one of the models of economic integrations (G2, G3,G7, ASEAN, and so on) these days. Another international diplomatic accomplishment of Mr. Marcos was the joint effort of Japan and the Philippines to form the Asian Development Bank in 1966 with headquarter in Mandaluyong. Some say that it somewhat became just like the world bank of Asia and its sole purpose is to give foreign aid to poor countries at that time. Unfortunately, the Philippines is the ones receiving aid nowadays.

For me, I think Marcos is the best president the Philippines ever had. During his time the economy was at its peak, unemployment was low, peso against the dollar was at its lowest, poverty rate is not that high (compared today), in short the Philippines was at its finest.

But, not until the Americans came to realize that the Philippines will grow strong and powerful as time goes. They were afraid it will take over the Wall Street as it already started buying properties and putting up state owned investment firms on the U.S. soil. One, thing is for sure, that the Americans should stop this. Then it all began. They had their plan of destroying Marcos’ reputation and putting him down using the media and some manipulated social and political entities whose dark aim is to privatize Mr Marcos' nationalistic legacies. The sad part is they succeeded.

And, the saddest part is, we were fooled as well.